Those functions are pragmatic and constitutive. Environmental human communication is pragmatic, because it helps individuals and organizations to accomplish goals and do things through communication. Examples of this include educating, alerting, persuading and collaborating. Environmental human communication is constitutive because it helps to shape people's understandings of environmental issues, themselves, and Nature; it shapes the meanings we hold of these things.
Environmental nature communication happens when plants actually communicate, within ecosystems: "A plant injured on one leaf by a nibbling insect can alert its other leaves to begin anticipatory defense responses. Plant biologists are "starting to unravel a long-standing mystery about how different parts of a plant communicate with one another. Communication Theory has one universal law, written by S. Scudder in the early s, and later published in The Universal Communication Law states that, "All living entities, beings and creatures communicate.
Communication is a means of survival, existence and being and does not need another to acknowledge its presence. Examples - the cry of a child communication that it is hungry, hurt, cold, etc. Everything living communicates. Scudder's thesis is aptly reinforced by General Systems Theory, which submits that one of the three critical functions of living systems is the exchange of information with its environment and with other living systems the other two being the exchange of materials and the exchange of energy.
In his book, Flor , page 4 extends this argument by forwarding that, "All living systems, from the simplest to the most complex, are equipped to perform these critical functions. They are called critical because they are necessary for the survival of the living system. Communication is nothing more than the exchange of information. Hence, at its broadest sense, environmental communication is necessary for the survival of every living system, be it an organism, an ecosystem, or even a social system.
According to J. Robert Cox, the field of environmental communication is composed of seven major areas of study and practice:.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. You can assist by editing it. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. For the academic journal, see Environmental Communication journal.
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